A Beginner's Guide Of Motherboard Parts And Their Functions

Building a PC is a dream come true for most people, and staying excited is very normal. However, there are plenty of things that you need to keep in mind while building a computer. For example, a PC is made with many different components; if you choose one bad component, it can affect your total build and performance. 

Among all the other components, the motherboard is one of the most important parts requiring more focus than others. The motherboard is a component that connects different components to the CPU. So, you need to know how it works and what are the functions of the motherboard before purchasing one. Otherwise, you will end up buying a motherboard that does not support all the components. 

Why Is It Important To Know The Motherboard Parts? 

Some of the questions about motherboards are very common such as what motherboard slot has direct access to the north bridge, what are the functions, and others. However, to understand the full potential of your motherboard and use it in the right way, you will need to know about the motherboard. It will help you to use the motherboard to its full power and utilize every function. 

Motherboard Parts And Functions -

If you are going to build a PC for the first time, you can go through this article to know more about the motherboard parts and their functions. The motherboard is built with many essential functions that you need to know before purchasing and installing the motherboard. Here are the parts and functions are given below in detail.  

1. RAM Slots 

Among all the other things, the most important part of a motherboard is the RAM slots. If you do not know what tasks you are going to use the computer for, then it might be hard for you to choose a motherboard. Based on your activities and use of the computer, you will need to choose the RAM slots. 

If you will use the computer for any heavy use, you will need to choose the RAM slots accordingly. There are plenty of motherboards available that come with more than one RAM slot. So, if you are thinking of pushing the limit with your PC in the future, having more slots will help you save money on expanding RAM slots later. Most boards come with two, four, and even more. 

2. Graphics Card Slots 

Every motherboard comes with a lot of slots for different components. You need to make sure that you are utilizing all of them to get the best results. There are some computers available in the market that come with integrated graphics. On the other hand, there are some other computers where you will need to have a separate graphics card installed. 

For example, if you are thinking of playing high-end games on your computer. Computer graphic card slots are usually AGP and PCIe. While some computers do not come with a slot, some others come with more than one slot. Therefore, you need to know what you are going to use the computer for and choose the motherboard accordingly. 

3. Standard Connections Ports 

In most of the boards, you will be able to find these slots at the end. You can access these slots from the back of your CPU. In addition, some of the standard connection ports are given for speakers, headphones, microphones, and others. Apart from that, you will be able to find USB 2.0 and 3.0 slots available there. In older systems, you will find a lot more ports, such as DVI and PS/2 ports. 

Some motherboards come with DisplayPort and HDMI inputs, while some others may require purchasing video card access. The setup of every motherboard is different, but there are adapters available that can bridge the gap. However, before you purchase your motherboard, make sure to take a look at the ports and choose how many ports you have in detail. 

You do not want to spend on additional adapters later due to fewer ports. So, it is better to choose a motherboard that comes with many connection ports from the time you are building a computer. Then, based on your requirements, plan your build in advance to save money and time.


The motherboard is one of the most important parts of a computer that connects every other component to the CPU. So, you need to know about all the parts and their functions very well to choose the best one. Choosing the wrong one can affect your whole PC and ruin your experience. Take a look at these important factors to know more about the motherboard and make your best pick. 

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  1. Anonymous04 July

    Good 👍

    1. Anonymous04 July

      Pls teach me under secondary school level